Small Traffic Sign Detection in Big Images: Searching Needle in a Hay
- Year of publication
- Yawar Rehman, Hafsa Amanullah, Muhammad Ayaz Shirazi, Min Young Kim
- IEEE Access
- 18667 - 18680
Traffic sign detection is an essential module of self-driving cars and driver assistance system. The major challenge being, traffic sign appear relatively smaller in road view images. It covers only 1%-2% of the total image area. Hence, its challenging to detect very small traffic sign in a larger image covering huge background of similar shape objects. Thus, we propose YOLOv3 network layers pruning and patch wise training strategy for small sized traffic sign detection. This aids in improving recall percentage and mean Average Precision. We also propose anchor box selection algorithm that uses bounding box dimension density to obtain optimal anchor set for the dataset. This reduces false positives and log-average miss rate. The proposed approach is evaluated on German traffic sign detection benchmark and Swedish traffic sign dataset and proves that it achieved a good balance between mAP and inference time.